Last edited by Mazugami
Tuesday, May 5, 2020 | History

2 edition of Microbiological treatment of acid mine drainage waters. found in the catalog.

Microbiological treatment of acid mine drainage waters.

Continental Oil Company. Research and Development Dept.

Microbiological treatment of acid mine drainage waters.

by Continental Oil Company. Research and Development Dept.

  • 113 Want to read
  • 7 Currently reading

Published by [Environmental Protection Agency, Research and Monitoring]; for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off. in Washington .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Acid mine drainage.,
  • Sewage -- Purification -- Biological treatment.

  • Edition Notes

    Statement[Authors: Louis B. Whitesell, Robert L. Huddleston, and Ray C. Allred. Prepared] for the Environmental Protection Agency.
    SeriesWater pollution control research series
    ContributionsWhitesell, Louis B., Huddleston, Robert L., Allred, Ray C., 1923-, United States. Environmental Protection Agency.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsTD899.M5 C65
    The Physical Object
    Paginationix, 78 p.
    Number of Pages78
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL5739746M
    LC Control Number70616251

    The South African Human Rights commission acknowledges MARIETTE LIEFFERINK and EUGENE VILJOEN for providing the photographs that appear in this booklet. Mariette is the CEO of the Federation for a Sustainable Environment and was a member of the SAHRC Section 05 Committee on Human Rights and Acid Mine Drainage. Eugene is one of the Commission’s. Acid Mine Drainage: Chemistry Acid mine drainage impacts stream and river ecosystems through acidity, ferric ion (Fe 3+) precipitation, oxygen depletion, and release of heavy metals associated with coal and metal mining, such as aluminum (Al 3+), zinc (Zn 2+), and manganese (Mn 2+).. When mineral deposits that contain sulfides are mined, they have the potential to produce acid mine drainage.

    Acid mine drainage (AMD) is a typical source of environmental pollution ascribing to its characteristics of high acidity and heavy metal content. Currently, most strategies for AMD treatment merely focus on metal removal rather than metal recovery. However, bioelectrochemical system (BES) is a promising technology to simultaneously remove and Author: Chenbing Ai, Shanshan Hou, Zhang Yan, Xiaoya Zheng, Charles Amanze, Liyuan Chai, Guanzhou Qiu, Weimi.   “Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage and Acid Sulphate Soils is more than a textbook. Illustrated with dozens of photographs, charts, tables and maps, the book is a compendium of 36 scientific papers written by various experts that cover these complex topics.”.

    Lime neutralization By far, the most commonly used commercial process for treating acid mine drainage is lime (CaO) precipitation in a high-density sludge (HDS) process. In this application, a slurry of lime is dispersed into a tank containing acid mine drainage and recycled sludge to increase water pH to about 9. Acid mine drainage (AMD) is a pollutant that arises from exposure of metal sulphide minerals such as the abundantly available pyrite (FeS 2) to oxygen and water during the mining of metals and coals [1, 2].Pyrite undergoes oxidation in a series of reactions, the first stage (trigger) of which results in production of sulfuric acid and ferrous sulfate as provided in by: 1.


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Microbiological treatment of acid mine drainage waters by Continental Oil Company. Research and Development Dept. Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Microbiological treatment of acid mine drainage waters. [Louis B Whitesell; Robert L Huddleston; Ray C Allred; Continental Oil Company. Research and Development Department.; United States.

Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Research and Monitoring.] -- The purpose of the study was to determine if the abilities of certain bacteria. WATER POLLUTION CONTROL RESEARCH SERIES,g ^ 14Q10 ENW gg/71 Microbiological Treatment of Acid Mine Drainage Waters ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY.

WATER POLLUTION CONTROL RESEARCH SERIES The Water Pollution Control Research Series describes the results and progress in the control and abatement of pollution in our Nation's waters. Chemical and Microbiological Treatment of Acid Mine Drainage for the Removal of Iron and Acidity EPA Grant Number: U Title: Chemical and Microbiological Treatment of Acid Mine Drainage for the Removal of Iron and Acidity Investigators: Diz, Harry R.

Institution: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University EPA Project Officer: Hahn, Intaek. In general, acid mine drainage (AMD) causes low pH and high metal concentrations in mining areas and surroundings.

The aim of this research was to achieve microCited by: 1. The kinetics of acid mine drainage (AMD) formation depends on water flux, oxygen diffusion, grain size, and microbiological interactions among other. Introduction. In recent times, acid mine drainage (AMD) has become a serious global issue owing to its hazardous impact on the environment and living organisms causing most dangerous effects [].AMD is mostly generated as a by-product of various industrial processes of mining and other related : Rambabu K, Fawzi Banat, Quan Minh Pham, Shih-Hsin Ho, Nan-qi Ren, Pau Loke Show.

Various active and passive treatment technologies have been applied to treat acidic waters that drain abandoned metal mines. The most commonly used approaches are active treatment (by adding lime or other alkaline chemical) and passive remediation (utilising constructed wetlands and compost bioreactors).

Acid mine drainage (AMD) forms when sulfide m inerals are exposed to oxidizing conditions in coal and metal mining, highway construction, and other large-scale excavations. There are. the latter is typically used as a passive form of water treatment.

Key words mine wastes, acid mine drainage, recoverable resources Introduction The demand for copper, during the Bronze age for tools and weapons and then later for fiscal instruments, was a driving force in the early exploitation of copper (Markoe, ; López, ).File Size: KB.

The water that is impacted by acid mine drainage must be treated in order to stop any more problems from starting in the stream or river and to help reverse any effects that have already occurred in the area where the drainage is entering the water. The most common treatment for acid mine drainage is lime precipitation, a process where acid waters are neutralized by the addition of slaked lime.

This process produces large amounts of gypsum sludge contaminated with heavy metals, and is also expensive and labor intensive (Wakao et al., ).Cited by: Water Research Vol Issue 6, MarchPages Column experiments for microbiological treatment of acid mine drainage: low-temperature, low-pH Cited by: Coal mining and coal combustion in generation of electricity produces various types of wastes such as, acid mine drainage (AMD) and fly ash(FA)that require a form of management and remediation.

This book explores the fundamental chemistry of active and passive treatment of AMD with coal FA and the detailed geochemistry involved in the Price: $   The microbiological control of mine waste pollution.

Abstract. The removal of heavy metals and neutralisation of acidity in mine waste waters by algae and bacteria are reviewed. Algal growths in artificial meander systems have been shown to remove significant quantities of heavy metals and fine particulates from mine waste by: Permeable reactive barriers designed to enhance bacterial sulfate reduction and metal sulfide precipitation have the potential to prevent acid mine drainage and the associated release of dissolved metals.

Two column experiments were conducted using simulated mine-drainage water to assess the performance of organic carbon-based reactive mixtures under controlled Cited by: The treatment of synthetic acid mine drainage (AMD) water (pH ) containing sulfate ( g L(-1)) and various metals (Co, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, and Zn) was studied in.

D.B. JohnsonChemical and microbiological characteristics of mineral spoils and drainage waters at abandoned coal and metal mines Water Air Soil Pollut.

Focus, 3 (), pp. Cited by: Acid Mine Drainage Research Acid mine drainage (AMD) has been the subject of intensive research since the 's. Research efforts have proceeded recently through the Acid Drainage Technology Initiative.

The major areas of research on AMD are Prediction of AMD and Prevention/Mitigation. The following is an overview of information on some major.

Table of ContentsTechnology SelectionMechanisms for Metal RemovalAdsorption by SubstrateBiological Sulfate Reduction Because natural acid generation typically accompanies sulfide-related mining activities, it is a widespread problem.

In the United States, 10, miles of streams surface acres of impoundments are estimated to be seriously affected by acid mine drainage. Several tasks in the Mineral Resources Program (MRP) are concerned with the microbial aspects of acid mine drainage (AMD) generation and mitigation.

AMD is characterized by acidic, metal-rich waters and red-orange iron-bearing solids formed by the weathering of pyrite (FeS2) and subsequent oxidation of soluble ferrous iron (Fe[II]) to insoluble.

Methanol as a carbon source for microbiological treatment of acid mine drainage. Abstract. Sulfate reducing passive bioreactors are increasingly being used to remove metals and raise the pH of acidic waste streams from abandoned mines. These systems commonly use a variety of organic substrates (i.e.

manure, wood chips) for sulfate by:   Acid mine drainage from an abandoned sulphide mine in Smolnik, with the flow rates of 5–10 L s −1 and a pH of –, flows into Smolnik creek and adversely affects the stream’s water quality and : M.

Balintova, E. Singovszka, M. Holub, S. Demcak. The formation of acid mine drainage (AMD), a highly acidic and metal-rich solution, is the biggest environmental concern associated with coal and mineral mining. Once produced, AMD can severely impact the surrounding ecosystem due to its acidity, metal toxicity, sedimentation and other deleterious properties.

Hence, implementations of effective post Cited by: